Malta Agreement Ww2

No agreement was signed at the Malta summit. Its main objective was to give the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, the opportunity to discuss the rapid changes taking place in Europe with the lifting of the Iron Curtain that had separated the Eastern Bloc from Western Europe for four decades. The summit is considered by some observers to be the official end of the Cold War. At least it marked the absence of the tensions that were the hallmark of that era and marked an important turning point in East-West relations. At the summit, President Bush expressed support for Gorbachev`s perestroika initiative and other reforms of the Communist bloc. On 29 and 30 April 1942, a plan to invade the island was approved by Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini at a meeting in Berchtesgaden. It planned an air raid with a German air division and an Italian division under the command of the German general Kurt Student. It would have been followed by a landing of two or three divisions by the Regia Marina. In agreement with Kesselring, the Italians made the invasion of Malta a priority in the region. Two important factors, however, prevented Hitler from giving the green light to the operation.

The first was Erwin Rommel. Kesselring`s move to the island secured power lines to North Africa. He won the Ascension in North Africa again. Although Mr. Rommel believed that Malta would be attacked, he insisted that the conquest of Egypt and the Suez Canal, not Malta, be the priority. The second was Hitler himself. After the Battle of Crete in May-June 1941, Hitler was nervous when he called in paratroopers to conquer the island, because the crete campaign had cost the arm heavy losses, and he began to delay a decision. Kesselring complained. Hitler proposed a compromise. He suggested that the axis could invade the Egyptian border in July or August 1942 if the Egyptian border were again reached in the coming months (the fighting at the time was taking place in Libya) if the full moon offered ideal conditions for landing. Although Kesselring was frustrated, he was relieved that the operation appears to have been postponed and was not put on hold. [125] (3) For the Yalta conference, there are three other chapters that contain documents that have not been found for Malta.

Chapter 9, entitled « Other Conference Documents, » contains documents that are directly comfortable with Yalta`s discussions, but are not closely related to some Chapter 8 protocols. Chapter 10 contains excerpts literally from the English texts of the agreements signed in Yalta. Chapter 11 consists of previously unpublished documents, developed by conference participants at the end of the conference, that objectively describe some of the operations in Yalta. Operation Pedestal, August 11: a general view of the air-attack convoy showing the intensive anti-aircraft barrage of escorts.