In 1986, the legislature of B.C it legislature passed the Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act, which granted limited self-management powers to the Sechelt Band, including the power to adopt its own constitution and enact laws in the areas of education, health, land use, local taxation and zonale. The Sechelt Band has a simple title for its country, subject to the restrictions and conditions of the Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act (sections 23 to 25). One of the conditions is that the group retains the land for the use and utility of the group and its members. It should also be noted that enabling laws are subject to parliamentary amendment, which means that the Sechelt has only as much authority as Members of Parliament, which some communities consider to be a relatively weak version of autonomy. Section 35 of the Constitution Act in 1982 recognized « existing Aboriginal and contractual rights, » but the term remained undefined. The desire for a constitutional amendment, which explicitly recognizes an inherent right to autonomy, was discussed at constitutional conferences in the 1980s and revived during negotiations on the Charlottetown Accord in the early 1990s. The agreement proposed an amendment to the Constitution to explicitly recognize the « inherent right to the autonomy of Aboriginal peoples within Canada. » However, a national referendum in 1992 rejected these and other initiatives in Charlottetown. As part of the BC treaty negotiation process, each first nation negotiates self-managed arrangements to meet its unique social, cultural, political and economic needs. The self-management agreements cover key aspects: consultation of agreements in the context of negotiations in order to learn about the ongoing negotiations on self-management.
On the other hand, self-governing First Nations can make their own laws and policies and have over-decision-making power on a wide range of issues. These include issues that are an integral part of their cultures and traditions in their communities. Under self-management, First Nations are emerging from the Indian Act and on their own course for a better future. Based on the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (1975) and the final agreement of Inuvialuit (1984), recent contracts allow groups to create municipal and entrepreneurial structures. A historical example is the Nunavut Claims Colony, which ended in 1993 and led to the creation of the new territory of Nunavut in April 1999. Apart from its legal provisions, this has created a self-management agreement, since the overwhelming majority of Nunavut`s more than 32,000 people are Inuit. Another form of self-management is that legislative power is negotiated with an indigenous group in one or two key areas, such as the Nova Scotia Education Agreement and the Anishinabek National Education Agreement in Ontario.