Agreement That In Congress States Be Represented Equally In The Senate By Population In The House

In the summer of 1787, delegates to the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention established equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives. The congressional representation plan, called the « Great Compromise » or « Connecticut Compromise, » resolved the most controversial aspect of drafting the Constitution. Smaller states gave up a lot to follow the Constitution, and they had to be reassured that the new, much more powerful national government would not be the instrument by which the small would be dominated by the big ones. Did you know that there is a provision of the Constitution that cannot be changed? Other delegates sought a compromise between the interests of large and small states. In 1776, Roger Sherman of Connecticut proposed that Congress represent the people and states. At the 1787 Congress, Sherman proposed basing the representation of the House of Representatives on the population, while in the Senate the states should be represented in the same way. Benjamin Franklin agreed that every state should have an equal voice in the Senate, except for money issues. At the beginning of July, the Convention`s grand committee reported to delegates on its request, with some amendments. Madison led the debate against Franklin`s measure and felt it was an injustice to the majority of Americans, while some delegates from small states even refused to support proportional representation in the House of Representatives. On July 16, delegates narrowly adopted the mixed representation plan that gives states the same votes in the Senate in a federal system of government. Roger Sherman, a delegate from Connecticut, proposed legislation with two parties; States would have equal representation in the Senate and the population of states would determine representation in the House of Representatives. The result was a bicameral legislative branch that gave the same representation to each state in the Senate and the same representation to the population in the House of Representatives. Smaller states feared being ignored if representation was based on population, while larger states felt that their larger populations deserved more votes.